What Makes You A Sex Offender?

In March 2015, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that monitoring sex offenders with GPS bracelets violates their fourth amendment rights against unreasonable police searches That same month, the Supreme Court of California ruled that a law restricting where sex offenders could live, was also unconstitutional

So, what rights do sex offenders have? Well, first of all, what are sex offenders? Well, they can be categorized into three tiers, according to federal law Tier 3 is comprised of any violent sex-criminals – sometimes referred to as “sexual predators” Tier 2 includes those involved in sex trafficking, distributing child-pornography, or non-violent sexual contact with a minor Tier 1 includes lesser sex crimes, like voyeurism, lewdness, or non-violent sexual contact with anyone over 18 Within Tier 1, there are also some more innocuous offenses – like urinating in public, or streaking

Consensual sex between teenagers can also sometimes lead to sex-crime prosecution, as can posting nude selfies online, if you’re a minor Clearly not all sex crimes are the same Because there is such a wide spectrum of sex crimes, the punishments vary widely between states — from fines and counseling, to life in prison For example, penalties for Indecent Exposure, can range from a fine of $1,000 to 10 years in prison, depending on if children saw the lewd act, and in which state the crime was committed Additionally, all sex offenders are required to register in a national database, which is publicly available online

Depending on their tier, sex offenders can stay on this criminal registry for life Although some states, like Utah, are more lenient Sex offenders are also usually prohibited from living near schools or parks In many cases, they are required to identify themselves to neighbors when moving into a new area, and to employers when applying for a new job Additionally, sex offenders are regularly ostracized from society, regardless of the severity of their crime

These factors have a lasting effect on their ability to find housing and employment In San Diego, the homeless population increased significantly, after a law made it nearly impossible for sex offenders to find suitable housing that was 2,000 feet away from all schools and parks The California Supreme Court deemed this law too restrictive of constitutional liberties Because sex crimes are such a polarizing subject, the question of sex-offender civil rights, is also a sensitive topic Not all criminal offenses are the same, however

 Even human rights activist, John Walsh, whose son’s death shaped current US sex crime laws, has said, “you can’t paint sex offenders with a broad brush” Some politicians have called for reforms of excessive punishments for lower-tiered sex crimes There’s a small town in Florida, that is completely populated by sex offenders It’s a really interesting story, and if you’d like to hear it… make sure you check out this video from Seeker Daily Thanks for watching TestTube! Please subscribe

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