How Many Wars Are Going On In Africa?

A recent report from the African Union has detailed forced cannibalism and gang rape in the South Sudanese Civil War Reportedly, tens of thousands of people have been killed in this conflict alone

But it is only one of roughly twenty-five active African conflicts So we wanted to know, what are the biggest ongoing wars in Africa? Well, the largest source of casualties in recent years has been the Boko Haram insurgency They are an Islamic extremist terrorist group, which has killed an estimated 15 to 20,000 people since 2009 They started in Nigeria, but spread to Chad, Cameroon, and Niger The source of the conflict was Boko Haram’s belief that Nigeria’s government was non-Islamic and Western leaning

It has been described as a version of ISIS in Africa, a group Boko Haram already has close ties with They achieved worldwide notoriety after kidnapping 300 schoolgirls in 2014 But they’ve also targeted Christians and Westerners, and set off countless bomb attacks In 2015 they lost considerable territory and control, pushed back by a regional coalition of neighboring countries Thankfully, Boko Haram appears to be near defeat

The next largest conflict is the Somali Civil War, which has been ongoing since 1991 In total, they’ve seen up to half a million casualties as multiple warlords battled for control of the country Until 2012, there was no permanent, central government, and even today, the country is massively unstable The lack of government led to Somalia acting as a home base for a number of terrorist groups, including Al-Qaeda (al-KY-duh) affiliates There has also been a rampant increase in piracy

Drought and famine, coupled with wartime anarchy, have been responsible for many deaths in the region Another region of ongoing conflict is Darfur in Sudan Since 2003, anti-government rebel groups attempted a coup d’etat, ostensibly to protect the country’s non-Arab minority In response, the Sudanese government initiated a genocide against its non-Arabic residents The UN has estimated the conflict has caused up to 300,000 deaths, and nearly 3 million displaced people, half of them, children

Subsequent ceasefire attempts have allegedly been breached by the Sudanese army In Libya, a number of rival militant groups have been fighting for control of the country in the Second Libyan Civil War This is following a power vacuum caused by the death of Libya’s dictator, Muammar Gaddafi, in 2011 The current groups attempting to gain power include an internationally recognized, elected government, called the Tobruk (toe-BROOK) government There is also an Islamist group, called the “Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries”, which is aligned with the Muslim Brotherhood

Also in the mix is ISIS, which controls a small amount of territory in the north And finally there are a number of competing rebel groups This war has contributed to more than 4,000 deaths in the past two years alone Similar conflicts and insurgencies are still ongoing in Egypt, the Central African Republic, the Congo, Ethiopia, Algeria, Tunisia, Burundi, and Mali A number of regional communal clashes, as well as politically, religiously, and ethnically based wars have kept much of Africa extremely unstable

These wars run contrary to the mission of the African Union, which aims for unity among African nations How important is the African Union? You can learn more in this video Thanks for watching TestTube News! Don’t forget to like and subscribe so you can watch new videos everyday

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